The History, Types and Cultivation of Vinca Flowers


Vinca, also known as periwinkle or myrtle, is a popular ornamental plant belonging to the Apocynaceae family. It is a low-maintenance and hardy plant that has been widely cultivated for its attractive blue, pink, purple, or white flowers that bloom profusely from spring to fall.

History of Vinca:

The history of vinca can be traced back to ancient times, where it was used for medicinal purposes. The plant was believed to have numerous therapeutic properties and was used to treat a range of ailments, including headaches, eye problems, and wounds. In medieval times, vinca was also used to ward off evil spirits and as a symbol of protection.

Vinca is native to the Mediterranean region but has since been introduced to other parts of the world, including North America, where it has become a popular ornamental plant. The plant is known for its vigorous growth and ability to spread quickly, making it a popular ground cover in gardens and parks.

Types of Vinca:

There are two main species of Vinca commonly grown as ornamental plants:

  1. Vinca Major:

commonly known as Greater Periwinkle, it is a hardy evergreen plant with dark green leaves and blue or purple flowers.

Greater Periwinkle

  1. Vinca Minor:

commonly known as Lesser Periwinkle, it is a smaller variety compared to Vinca major with similar blue or purple flowers, but lighter green leaves.

Both species are widely cultivated for their attractive foliage and flowers, and are often used in garden beds, borders, or as ground covers. Other less common species of Vinca include Vinca difformis, Vinca rosea, etc.

Cultuvation of Vinca:

Cultivation of vinca is easy, as the plant is highly adaptable and can thrive in a range of soils and climates. Vinca prefers drained soil and full sun to partial shade. It can also tolerate drought, making it an ideal choice for gardeners in dry climates.

When planting vinca, it is important to space the plants about 18 to 24 inches apart to allow for proper growth and to prevent overcrowding. The plant should be watered regularly, especially during dry periods, to keep the soil moist. It is also important to fertilize vinca once a month to promote healthy growth and abundant blooms.

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Vinca is propagated through cuttings or division. To propagate vinca through cuttings, simply cut a stem about 4 to 6 inches long and plant it in a pot filled with moist soil. The cutting should be kept in a warm, bright location until roots have formed and the plant is established. Propagation through division is done by digging up an existing vinca plant and separating it into smaller sections, each with its own roots. These sections can then be replanted in a new location.

Low Maintenance Plant:

Vinca is an excellent choice for gardeners looking for a low-maintenance plant that provides a long-lasting display of attractive flowers. Its ability to spread quickly makes it a great choice for ground cover, and its hardiness makes it a great choice for gardeners in a variety of climates. Whether you are an experienced gardener or just starting out, vinca is an easy-to-grow plant that is sure to bring beauty to your garden for many years to come.


In conclusion, vinca is a versatile and attractive ornamental plant with a rich history of cultivation and use. Whether you are looking to add color to your garden, create a ground cover, or simply want a low-maintenance plant, vinca is an excellent choice. With its attractive blooms, easy-to-grow nature, and wide adaptability, vinca is sure to bring beauty to any garden.

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