What Are the Symptoms of Organic delusional Disorder?

Organic delusional Disorder

When the beliefs are more plausible, it can be challenging to distinguish between delusions and false beliefs because delusional beliefs do not change in the face of obvious, convincing evidence to the contrary (e.g., that a spouse is unfaithful).

In contrast to schizophrenia, delusions are present in delusional disorder without any other psychotic symptoms (e.g., hallucinations, disorganised speech or behaviour, negative symptoms). The hallucinations could

No bizarre: They feature potential events like being followed, poisoned, infected, loved from a distance, or duped by a partner or lover.

They involve bizarre circumstances, such as thinking that someone removed their internal organs without leaving a scar.di

Delusional disorder is a rare condition, with estimates indicating that a person’s lifetime risk of developing it is as low as 0.05-0.1%Trusted Source. The condition affects both men and women equally. It also has a later general onset than schizophrenia, which shares some features.


A paranoid personality disorder that already exists may give rise to delusional disorder. Such people have a lifelong, pervasive mistrust and suspicion of other people and their motivations that starts in early adulthood.

Early signs can include a sense of being taken advantage of, worrying about the loyalty or reliability of friends, a propensity to see danger in seemingly innocuous comments or occurrences, holding grudges for an extended period of time, and being quick to react to perceived slights.


Erotomaniac: Patients with Erotomania think that someone else is in love with them. It’s common to make attempts to get in touch with the target of the delusion through calls, letters, surveillance, or stalking. People with this subtype might run into legal issues because of their behaviour.

Grandiose: Patients think they have a special talent or have discovered something significant.

Jealousy: Patients who are jealous think their partner or lover is being unfaithful. This belief is supported by dubious evidence and incorrect inferences. They might use physical violence.

Persecutory: Patients who experience persecutory behaviour think they are being targeted, spied on, disparaged, or harassed. They might make repeated attempts to get justice by submitting appeals to courts and other governmental bodies, and they might use violence as payback for the alleged persecution.

Somatic: The delusion has to do with a bodily function; for instance, patients may think they have a physical defect, an unpleasant smell, or a parasite.

Thought broadcasting: This type refers to the belief that one’s thoughts are being picked up by others.

Thought insertion: A person might believe that their thoughts are being inserted into their mind by an outside source or entity.

Bizarre: A person may have faith in a phenomenon that is unreal and unconnected to everyday life.

Aside from any potential negative effects of their delusions (such as social exclusion or stigmatisation, marital or employment difficulties), patients’ behaviour is not obviously strange or bizarre, and their functioning is not noticeably hampered.


Delusional disorder’s precise cause is still unknown, as it is with many other psychotic disorders. However, researchers are examining how different potential risk factors, such as the following, may play a role in the development of the condition.

Genetic factors: The higher prevalence of delusional disorder in families with schizophrenia or delusional disorder raises the possibility that there may be a genetic component. Like other mental illnesses, delusional disorder may be inherited from parents to their biological children, according to researchers.

Biological factors: Scientists are examining how abnormalities in specific brain regions may contribute to the emergence of delusional disorder. The development of delusional symptoms has been connected to an imbalance of specific brain chemicals known as neurotransmitters.

Environmental and psychological factors: Research indicates that stress may be a trigger for delusional disorder. The condition may be exacerbated by alcohol use disorder and other substance use disorders. Psychodynamic theories for the emergence of delusional disorder include hypersensitivity and ego defence mechanisms like reaction formation, projection, and denial. A person may form a delusion as a result of psychological factors such as social isolation, envy, mistrust, suspicion, and low self-esteem that cause them to look for an explanation for their feelings.


Psychotherapy (talk therapy) and medication are the two main forms of treatment for delusional disorder, but medication alone rarely works to treat this condition.

Because most people with delusional disorder are unaware that their delusions are problematic or inaccurate, they frequently do not seek treatment on their own. They are more likely to seek assistance if they also suffer from depression or anxiety.

Until the condition is stabilised, patients with severe symptoms or those who pose a threat to their safety or the safety of others may need to be admitted to the hospital.

Delusional disorder and psychotherapy

The term “psychotherapy” refers to a range of therapeutic methods intended to help patients recognise and alter unhelpful feelings, thoughts, and behaviours. Working with a mental health specialist, like a psychologist or psychiatrist, can offer the individual and their family support, knowledge, and direction.

Through therapy, those who suffer from delusional disorder can learn to control their symptoms, recognise early relapse warning signs, and create relapse prevention strategies. Psychotherapy forms include:

Individual psychotherapy: This form of therapy can assist a person in identifying and reversing distorted underlying thinking.

CBT: (CBT) is structured and goal-oriented. People can examine their thoughts and feelings in detail with the assistance of a mental health professional. They’ll learn how their thoughts influence their behaviour. They can unlearn harmful behaviours and thoughts through CBT and learn to think more positively and form better thought patterns.

Family-cantered therapy: This form of treatment can benefit both the delusional disorder sufferers and their families. This course of treatment includes problem-solving and communication skills training, as well as psychoeducation about delusional disorder.

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